Brilliant Tots

Nappy Rash: Causes, Treatment & Prevention

By August 10, 2020 No Comments

Aside from teething, the other cause of discomfort in a baby’s life is nappy rashes. Nappy rash, also known as diaper rash, is a rash that forms on your baby’s skin around the diaper area. Nappy rashes are accompanied by red splotches or reddish dry, scaly-like skin around your baby’s bottom area or genital area. It is a common occurrence; even with a watchful eye, it’s bound to happen. Unless your bundle of joy goes full-on commando, just about every baby who wears diapers or nappies will get the rash at some stage of their baby lives. A nappy rash can be uncomfortable and deems as an annoyance to your little bundle of joy, much more severe rashes can cause itchiness and even mild pain. Followed by the struggle of dealing with the discomfort from nappy rashes is a whole lot of crying and alarmed parents. Snooze that alarm cause we at BrilliantTOTS have the 101 on dealing with nappy rashes, from cause to cure!


Overexposure to a wet or dirty diaper – Babies are mainly susceptible to nappy rashes because of being in a wet or dirty diaper for long periods of time. The said prolonged exposure causes your baby’s sensitive skin to in contact with stool and urine which irritates the skin. Bacteria in nappy rashes tend to grow and flourish in warm and moist places which makes a baby’s diaper an ideal one.

Chafing – An overly tight fitted diaper can cause irritation when your baby moves around, causing the rash to form around the diaper area.

New products – Introducing your baby to a new product can be the cause of rashes as well. Your baby’s skin is extremely sensitive and can react poorly to a certain type of substance. Be it baby wipes or even diapers, the substance found in these products may irritate your baby’s skin and cause a rash-like reaction. 

New foods – The stool that is formed when your baby eats new, solid foods can cause irritation which leads to nappy rashes. A nappy rash can even appear if your baby is still feeding on breastmilk, the reaction is caused in response to the mother’s diet. 

Skin conditions – A baby who already has a skin condition such as eczema or thrush is more susceptible to nappy rashes.

Yeast infection – Warm and moist places are ideal places for bacteria to grow and spread, making a baby’s diaper the perfect place and hence, a baby is more prone to yeast infections followed by nappy rashes.

Antibiotics – The intake of antibiotics can be the cause of a nappy rash, antibiotics kill germs – both bad and good ones. With a limited amount of good bacteria to fight off yeast infections, nappy rashes are bound to spread all over the diaper area. Breast-fed babies by mothers who happen to be in the cycle of antibiotic consumption are also at an increased risk of developing a nappy rash.

Cure & Treatment

Change your baby’s diaper promptly 

Without missing a beat, get your baby’s diaper changed as quickly as you can. This will keep the diaper area clean and dry, keeping the nappy rash at bay. Do a diaper check every hour or so, this will allow you to be ahead of letting a wet or soiled diaper sit on your baby’s skin for too long.

A clean baby is a happy baby 

Cleaning your baby after a nappy change is very important, use some warm water and soft cotton pads to wipe your baby’s bottom and the genital area thoroughly, make sure all crevices are wiped down well. Don’t tug away at the skin as this can worsen the rash and avoid using baby wipes as they can further add to the already unbearable irritation. Throughout the period of a present nappy rash, you’d want to skip out on soaps during bathtime as soaps, no matter how mild it may be, can dry out your baby’s skin making the rash a whole lot worst; bathe your baby in a gentle, soap-free cleanser instead. 

Drying is just as important as washing 

As we all know by now, bacteria flourish in moist places so ensuring that your baby is as dry as a bone (figuratively speaking, of course) is key to putting an end to nappy rashes. Let your baby air dry after baths and after nappy changes.


More time without a nappy on will give the skin a little breather, lay your baby on a towel butt-naked and keep them that way for as long as possible; you can even leave them to take naps this way but you might want to place a waterproof sheet underneath just in case of an accident.

Barricade your baby’s skin 

Head on over to the pharmacy and get a cream (vaseline will do just fine) that will keep your baby’s urine or faeces from being in contact with the skin. 

Seek medical advice 

Your paediatrician should have a quick fix in a bottle that will get rid of the rash in a heartbeat, it is recommended to seek medical advice if the rash doesn’t seem to be recovering or for severe cases.


  • Working both ways as a cure and prevention, changing your baby’s diaper promptly is a key step to reducing the chances of a nappy rash.
  • Do not overtighten diapers, loosen them up a little bit in fact. This will help avoid chaffing and irritation.
  • Keep your baby’s skin dry, always air-dry your baby and talcum powder can come in handy when it comes to keeping the skin dry. Ensure that your baby does not inhale any of the powder as it can cause breathing difficulties.
  • Use petroleum jelly or other barrier creams as a protective layer to keep faeces and urine away from skin contact.
  • Wash your hands before and after a diaper change to prevent the spread of bacteria on your baby.
  • Enable less diaper time to allow the skin to breathe.
  • When it comes to cleaning your baby during a diaper change, avoid tugging at the skin with a baby wipe or cotton pad; dab the skin gently but thoroughly with warm water.


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